Έχει διεθνούς φήμης μουσεία, μεγάλα αγάλματα και ακόμη μεγαλύτερα κτίρια. Πολύ υπερβολή και πολλά άλλα…
H Nέα Yόρκη δεν έχει περάσει τυχαία στο συλλογικό υποσυνείδητο ως πρωτεύουσα του κόσμου. Mουσεία -απολύτως- σύγχρονης τέχνης, κτίρια που σε κάνουν να αισθάνεσαι ανύπαρκτος, εστιατόρια και εμπορικά κέντρα: η Nέα Yόρκη δεν έχει «λίγο απ' όλα», τα έχει όλα στον υπερθετικό βαθμό!
Η Νέα Υόρκη είναι μία πυκνοκατοικημένη πόλη όπου ο ένας μένει πάνω στον άλλον και αυτό κάνει τους Νέοϋρκέζους να ξεχωρίζουν. Είναι δύσκολο να διαλέξουμε τι κάνει την πόλη να… βουίζει τόσο πολύ! Αλλά η υπερενεργητική βιασύνη συνεχίζει να τραβάει όλο και περισσότερους.
Σε μία πόλη που είναι μέρος του παγκόσμιου υποσυνείδητου είναι δύσκολο να διαλέξουμε μερικά από τα “highlights”. Όπου και να πάτε θα νομίζετε ότι έχετε ξαναπάει. Ενδεικτικά να σας πούμε ότι δεν μπορείτε να πάτε στην Νέα Υόρκη και να μην επισκεφθείτε το Άγαλμα της Ελευθερίας, το Σέντραλ Πάρκ και την Τάιμς Σκουεαρ. Το μουσείο Μοντέρνας Τέχνης είναι ένα από τα κορυφαία στον κόσμο, αλλά και τα μουσεία Guggenheim και το Αμερικάνικο μουσείο Φυσικής Ιστορίας δεν πάνε πίσω. Βιβλιοπωλεία, φαγητό, θέατρο, ψώνια, άνθρωποι: δεν παίζει ρόλο τι θα κάνετε ή που θα πάτε γιατί η Νέα Υόρκη είναι από μόνη της διασκεδαστική. Προσοχή
Η ασφάλεια μετά τις τρομοκρατικές επιθέσεις της 11ηςη
Σεπτεμβρίου παραμένει υψηλή, ιδιαίτερα στους αερολιμένες, όπου οι πρόσθετοι έλεγχοι μπορούν να προκαλέσουν καθυστερήσεις. Παρ' όλα αυτά οι επισκέπτες δεν θα θορυβηθούν ιδιαίτερα από τα μέτρα. Έκταση:
785 sq km Κωδικός Περιοχής:
Manhattan 212 ή 646. 718 Brooklyn, Bronx, Queens, και Staten Island.
Most of Manhattan is extremely easy to navigate, thanks to a grid system of named or numbered avenues running the north-south length of the island, cut across by numbered streets that run from east to west. Above Washington Square, Fifth Ave and Central Park serve as the dividing line between the East Side and the West Side. Cross-street numbers begin at Fifth Ave and grow higher toward each river, generally (but not exclusively) in 100-digit increments per block. Broadway, the only avenue to cut diagonally across the island, was originally a woodland path; it runs in some form from the southern tip of the island all the way to the state capital of Albany, 240km (150mi) away.
Craning your neck amongst the skyscrapers of Manhattan, it's easy to forget that islands make up most of New York City's land mass. Manhattan and Staten Island stand alone; Queens and Brooklyn comprise the western end of Long Island. Only the Bronx is connected to the continental mainland. The water gap between Brooklyn and Staten Island - the 'narrows' through which the first Europeans entered the area - serves as the entrance to New York Harbor, which is also accessible to ships from the north via Long Island Sound. Manhattan is bordered on the west by the Hudson River and on the east by the East River, both technically estuaries subject to tidal fluctuations.
Πότε να πάτε
Αν “κυνηγάτε” τα διεθνή γεγονότα η ερώτηση είναι πότε να μη πάτε. Παρά την φανταστική ατμόσφαιρα την εποχή Χριστουγέννων/ Χάνακα και Πρωτοχρονιά ο καιρός είναι ψυχρός και οι άνεμοι παγωμένοι! Το καλοκαίρι οι τιμές ανεβαίνουν όπως και ο αριθμός των τουριστών. Μπορεί επίσης να έχει ανυπόφορη ζέστη. Οι καλύτερες εποχές είναι την άνοιξη (Μάρτιο-Ιούνιο) και το φθινόπωρο (Σεπτέμβριο-Δεκέμβριο).
Τα περισσότερα αξιοθέατα είναι συγκεντρωμένα στο Μανχάταν, το οποίο χωρίζεται σε υποπεριοχές. Τα περισσότερα κτίρια συνυπάρχουν στο Λόουερ Μανχαταν, από όπου αναχωρούν και τα φέριμποτ για το Στέιτεν Αιλαντ με το Άγαλμα της Ελευθερίας και τους διάσημους ουρανοξύστες. Στη συνοικία θεάτρου και το Μιντάουν, υπάρχουν πολλά πολυτελή καταστήματα, μουσεία και εκπληκτικοί ουρανοξύστες, όπως το Κράισλερ Μπίλντινγκ. Τα δέκα κορυφαία αξιοθέατα είναι το Άγαλμα της Ελευθερίας, το Έλις Αιλαντ, το Εμπάιρ Στέιτ, το Σάουθ Στριτ Σίπορτ, το Ροκφέλερ Σέντερ, το Μουσείο Μοντέρνας Τέχνης, το Σέντραλ Παρκ, η Τσάινατάουν, το Μητροπολιτικό Μουσείο Τέχνης και η γέφυρα του Μπρούκλιν.
Οι πιο συζητημένες θεατρικές υπερπαραγωγές στη διάθεση του κοινού, “MAMMA MIA !“, “CHICAGO“, “WEST SIDE STORY“, “LION KING”, όπως και τη νεα παράσταση που ανέβηκε πριν από ένα χρόνο περίπου ,εκείνη του “SHREK”.
Έξω από τα συνηθισμένα
The Jersey shore is where the good folk of New York City head when summer heats up and the big apple gets a bit squishy. The New Jersey coast stretches 127mi (205km) from Sandy Hook in the north to Cape May in the south. The towns along the coast offer something for everyone, from public drunkenness to Victorian gentility.Belmar
Belmar is the quintessential party town, although things have quietened down somewhat in recent years since one giant beach party turned into a full-scale riot. All bars now close at midnight and the police take a hard line on loud parties and drinking in public.
Spring Lake, also known as the Irish Riviera, has a bevy of quiet and charming Victorian inns, B&Bs and hotels, and is one of the most expensive towns on the Shore. Bay Head, at the terminus of the North Jersey Coast train line, is the quietest town on the coast. There's public access to the beach, which is lined with Cape Cod-style homes, but no boardwalk. Belmar has good fishing, Long Branch (about 15 miles/10km north of Belmar) is good for surfing, and Bay Head and Belmar have the best swimming.Hamptons
The Hamptons, in Long Island's far east, are the hot summer spot for the West Coast movie crowd. Although soaking up the glitzy atmosphere is half the fun of a visit here, you can also have a look at the Whaling Museum in Sag Harbor, the impressive Parrish Art Museum in Southampton or play a round on the fine Montauk Downs golf course. East Hampton is the heart of the Hampton scene, and worth a visit if you enjoy envying the lifestyles of the rich and famous. It also has some excellent restaurants and nightspots.Hudson Valley
Just north of New York City, the Hudson Valley is littered with charming towns. The area is particularly beautiful in autumn, and many New Yorkers head up this way just to see the leaves change colour. For a scenic drive, take Route 9 along the eastern side of the river, or take the Taconic State Parkway if you're in a hurry. Trains run here from Grand Central Station, or you can take a boat tour of the Hudson River. There is very little reliable public transport around the valley, but it's a lovely spot for cycling.
On the river's western bank, Harriman State Park is a good place for a hike or a swim in one of the park's three lakes. Adjacent Bear Mountain State Park, popular with New York's nature lovers, with hiking, wildflowers, swimming, fishing, cross-country skiing, sledding and ice skating. West Point, to the park's north, has been grinding independent thought out of cadets since 1802. Military luminaries such as Grant, MacArthur and Eisenhower did their training here (and so did the slightly less successful Edgar Allen Poe). The campus is an impressive collection of red-brick and graystone Gothic and Federal buildings set in rigidly formal gardens.Hyde Park
Overlooking the river from the eastern bank, Hyde Park is something of a Roosevelt theme park - this is where FDR had his summer White House. The Franklin D Roosevelt Library and Museum has old photos, tapes and the Pres' specially made Ford Phaeton. FDR and the first lady are buried in the grounds. Because the President's mother lived at Hyde Park, Eleanor Roosevelt (who wasn't a big fan) set up house two miles east of Hyde Park at Val-Kill, now the Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site. Two miles (3.2km) north of Hyde Park, the Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site is a spectacular Beaux Arts mansion - a mere summer cottage for the railroad dynasty.Jones Beach
Jones Beach is the least exclusive beach area on Long Island. Tens of thousands of people converge on its 6 mile (10km) stretch of ocean, and there's parking for nearly 25,000 cars. Nevertheless, the sand is clean, and it can be a welcome respite from a sweltering city summer. Robert Moses State Park, to the east, is almost as crowded. The neighboring villages of Fire Island, accessible only by ferry, make up the country's leading gay resort area.Long Island
From bustling, booming Brooklyn and the beachy nostalgia of Coney Island to the sophisticated wineries of North Fork, Long Island is a study in geographic and economic contrasts. For most visitors, crossing the East River from Manhattan means a trip to the beach, whether the destination is crowded Jones Beach or Fire Island in Nassau, quiet Shelter Island or the showy Hamptons. You can get to Long Island on the Long Island Expressway from Manhattan or catch one of the many buses running from the East Side (the bus drivers know all the short cuts and may well get you there quicker than driving). A train also runs between Long Island and New York's Penn Station. There's plenty of public transport once you get there.Wine District
In one of life's ironic twists, the wine district is the only part of Long Island where you'll need a car to get around. Thirteen wineries are clustered together on Long Island's North Fork, mostly around the town of Cutchogue. Pindar Vineyards is the largest, with frequent tours, daily tastings and wine festivals throughout the year. When your cup runneth over, head for the charming 17th-century town of Orient at the eastern tip of the North Fork. It's a very pretty collection of white clapboard houses and former inns, with a nearby beach and oyster ponds.
Το γυμναστήριο στο Chelsea Piers έχει χιλιάδες τρόπους να σας κάνει να ιδρώσετε. Διαλέξτε -αν μπορείτε- από: μπόουλινγκ, πατινάζ, ιππασία, εσωτερική αναρρίχηση και ένα γκολφ κλαμπ. Τρέξιμο
Μπορείτε επίσης να γυμναστείτε τρέχοντας στα 10χμ του Σεντραλ Παρκ το οποίο είναι κλειστό από τις 10π.μ. έως τις 3μ.μ. τις καθημερινές και ολόκληρα τα Σαββατοκύριακα.Ψάρεμα
Μπορείτε να ψαρέψετε στο ποτάμι του Hudson, αλλά η ιστορία του ποταμιού χημικής μόλυνσης έχει κάνει την κατανάλωση των ψαριών απαγορευτική. Για καλύτερο ψάρεμα κατευθυνθείτε στο City Island στο Bronx.Ποδήλατο
Τα μόνα μέρη με καλό κάρμα για να κάνετε ποδήλατο είναι στα μονοπάτια του Central ή Prospect Park ή κατά μήκος του ποταμιού Hudson. Πατινάζ
Το Central Park είναι το κατάλληλο μέρος για να δοκιμάσετε τις δυνατότητες σας στο πατινάζ. Κατευθυνθείτε στο εμπορικό κέντρο ανατολικά του Sheep Meadow ή τα σαββατοκύριακα στο Central Park Dr.
ΒΟΛΤΑ ΜΕ ΕΛΙΚΟΠΤΕΡΟ ( $ 165 ) 11-15λεπτά πτήσης.
Μια πολύ δημοφιλής περιήγηση με ελικόπτερο .
Απολαύστε την θέα από τα πιο γνωστά μνημεία του Big Apple. Θα πετάξετε πάνω από τον περίφημο ποταμό Hudson River , διπλα απο το Άγαλμα της Ελευθερίας και το Ellis Island .Επίσης θα δείτε το Manhattans Financial District το Empire State Building, Chrysler, Η βολτα συνεχίζετε διαμεσου της George Washington Bridge και του παγκοσμίου φήμης Central Park .
The area now known as New York City had been occupied by Native Americans for more than 11,000 years before Giovanni da Verrazano, a Florentine hired by the French to explore the northeastern coast, arrived at New York Bay in 1524. The area lay unmolested until English explorer Henry Hudson stumbled on it while searching for the Northwest Passage in 1609. 'It is as beautiful a land as one can hope to tread upon,' reported Hudson, who claimed the place for the Dutch East India Company.
By 1625, the Dutch settlers had established a fur trade with the natives and were augmented by a group that established a post they eventually called New Amsterdam, the seat of a much larger colony called New Netherland. Advertisements in Europe lured settlers to New Amsterdam with promises of a temperate climate and bountiful land, but the harsh winters claimed many lives. Historians agree that Peter Minuit, the director of the Dutch West India Company, purchased the island from local tribes for goods worth a pittance. But the goods were worth a bit more than the 24.00 commonly recorded - probably closer to 600.00 (still a bargain).
After some to-ing and fro-ing between Britain and the Netherlands, New Amsterdam became the British colony of New York in the 1670s. Though colonists began cultivating farms in New Jersey and on Long Island, the port town remained geographically tiny - the area that today runs from Wall St south to the tip of Manhattan. Anti-British zeal caught on as early as the 1730s. Thirty years later, New York's Commons - where City Hall stands today - was the centre of many anti-British protests. Despite the intensity of New Yorkers' sentiments, King George III's troops controlled New York for most of the war, finally withdrawing in 1783, a full two years after the fighting stopped.
By the time George Washington was sworn in as president of the new republic on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall St in 1789, New York was a bustling seaport of 33,000 people, but it lagged behind Philadelphia as a cultural capital. The new Congress abandoned the city for the District of Columbia the following year - Thomas Jefferson later remarked that New York was a 'cloacina (sewer) of all the depravities of human nature.'
New York boomed in the early 19th century. Its population swelled from 65,000 in 1800 to 250,000 in 1820. During the Civil War, the city provided many volunteers for the Union cause. But as the war dragged on, many of the city's poorest citizens turned against the effort, especially after mandatory conscription was introduced. In the summer of 1863, Irish immigrants launched the 'draft riots' protesting the provision that allowed wealthy men to pay 300.00 in order to avoid fighting. Within days the rioters turned their anger on black citizens, as they were considered the real reason for the war and their main competition for work. More than 11 men were lynched in the streets and a black orphans' home was burned to the ground.
The remainder of the century in New York was a boom time for the city's population, which grew thanks to European immigration, and for businessmen, who took advantage of lax oversight of industry and stock trading during the so-called 'Gilded Age'. These men built grand mansions along 'millionaires row' on lower Fifth Ave. Along Broadway from City Hall to Union Square, multi-storey buildings - the first 'skyscrapers' - were built to house corporate headquarters.
As the city's population more than doubled from 500,000 in 1850 to over 1.1 million in 1880, a tenement culture developed. The burgeoning of New York's population beyond the city limits led to the consolidation movement, as the city and its neighbouring districts struggled to service the growing numbers. Residents of the independent districts of Queens, Staten Island, the Bronx and financially-strapped Brooklyn voted to become 'boroughs' of New York City in 1898.
Between 1900 and 1930 the new metropolis absorbed a huge wave of European immigrants who arrived at New York's Ellis Island and its population exploded, from just over 3 million in 1900 to 7 million in 1930. During this period, horse-drawn trolleys disappeared as a major network of underground subways and elevated trains ('Els') expanded into the city's outer reaches.
As the immigrant population gathered political strength, demands for change became overwhelming and during the Depression a crusader named Fiorello La Guardia (previously an Ellis Island interpreter) was elected mayor. In three terms in office the popular 'Little Flower' fought municipal corruption and expanded the social service network. Meanwhile civic planner Robert Moses used a series of appointed positions to remake the city's landscape through public works projects, highways and big events like the World's Fairs of 1939 and 1964. Unfortunately, his projects (which include the Triborough Bridge, Lincoln Center, several highways and massive housing projects) often destroyed entire neighbourhoods and rousted huge numbers of residents.
New York emerged from WWII proud and ready for business. As one of the few world-class cities untouched by war, New York seemed the place to be. But prosperity wasn't limited to the city. In the 1950s, highways made access to the suburbs easy and hundreds of thousands of New Yorkers moved away permanently. It wasn't just an understandable desire for upward mobility that drew them away: many white residents left neighbourhoods they felt had 'gone bad', which was a racist way of saying that African Americans and Puerto Ricans had taken their rightful place there too.
While the politicos dithered and played to various entrenched constituencies, the city began to slide. TV production, manufacturing jobs and even the fabled Brooklyn Dodgers baseball team moved to the West Coast, along with the Dodgers' cross-town rivals the New York Giants. Like most of the US, New York looked to the West for cultural direction, and eventually corporations began abandoning the city as innovation in communications technology made it possible to do business anywhere. The city's economic slide led to the threat of bankruptcy in the 1970s, which was staved off only by massive infusions of federal cash.
During the anything-goes Reagan years, the city regained much of its swagger as billions were made on Wall St. Ed Koch, the colourful three-term mayor, seemed to embody the New Yorker's ability to charm and irritate at the same time. But in 1989 Koch was defeated in a Democratic primary election by David Dinkins, who became the city's first African American mayor. Dinkins, a career Democratic-machine politician, was rightly criticised for merely presiding over a city government in need of reform, though his moves to put more police on the streets helped curb crime. He was narrowly defeated for a second term in 1993 by moderate Republican Rudolph Giuliani. Thanks to a big drop in crime and the weakness of his Democratic opponents, Giuliani triumphed in the 1997 mayoral election. For the first time in decades the city contemplated huge (and necessary) projects to augment its infrastructure, such as a new rail tunnel under the Hudson River. Meanwhile Times Square underwent transformation from a crime- and drug-ridden red-light district in the 1960s and 1970s to a Disneyfied tourist attraction in the late 1990s. The city became safer and more prosperous, but also more homogenised; the gap between rich and poor widened, and the colourful subcultures that used to give Manhattan its edge began a mass exodus to the suburbs.
New York's famous hustle and bustle was abruptly cut short on 11 September 2001 when a terrorist attack in the form of two hijacked passenger aircraft razed the gleaming twin towers of the World Trade Center. Thousands of people were killed in the worst terrorist act ever on US soil. New York, though severely shaken, showed its grit. The city was quick to regain its composure and normality, rebuilding its business district and its confidence. Shops and restaurants near the site re-opened, tourists re-appeared and the rebuilding for the Ground Zero site's rebirth is underway.
Πως θα φτάσετε εκεί
Served by three major airports, two train terminals and a massive bus depot, New York City is the most important transportation hub in the northeastern USA. Of the airports, Newark or La Guardia are more convenient to the city than JFK. Getting into the city by car is easy enough until you hit the tunnels and bridges, which are often clogged to bursting point.
John F Kennedy International Airport (JFK), 24km (15 mi) from Midtown Manhattan in southeastern Queens, is where most international flights land. Recently voted the third-worst airport facility in the world by business travellers, JFK is best avoided. La Guardia Airport in northern Queens is 13km (8 mi) from Manhattan and services mostly domestic flights. If you're arriving or departing in the middle of the day, La Guardia is a more convenient choice than JFK. Newark Airport is in New Jersey, directly 16km (10 mi) west of Manhattan. Flights to and from Newark airport are sometimes a bit cheaper because of the erroneous perception that the airport is less accessible than JFK or La Guardia. In fact, Newark has a large and spanking-new international arrivals terminal, and its four terminals are linked by a monorail system.
Buses run every 30 minutes between the city and JFK International Airport; the trip takes at least an hour. You can also take a subway to the Howard Beach-JFK station then transfer to a bus, a journey of about 75 minutes. Buses run every 30 minutes between the city and La Guardia; a water shuttle also runs along the East River, or you can catch the subway to Roosevelt Ave-Jackson Heights and transfer to a bus, but it will take you well over an hour. To get from Newark Airport, you can get a private or public bus from the city. Taxis from all three airports into the city are expensive.
Pennsylvania Station, on 33rd St between Seventh and Eighth Aves, is the departure point for all Amtrak trains, including the Acela Express, Amtrak's new fast train, and the Metroliner. Both trains run services to Washington via Princeton and Philadelphia and the Acela's route also extends north to New Haven and Boston. The Long Island Rail Road serves several hundred thousand commuters each day from a newly renovated platform area to points in Brooklyn, Queens and the suburbs of Long Island, including the resort areas. New Jersey Transit operates trains from Penn Station to the suburbs and the Jersey Shore. One commuter company departs from Grand Central Terminal, at Park Ave and 42nd St: the Metro North Railroad, which serves the northern suburbs and Connecticut.
All suburban and long-haul buses leave and depart from the Port Authority Bus Terminal at 41st St and Eighth Ave in Midtown Manhattan. Bus lines available there include Greyhound, which links New York with major cities across the country; Peter Pan Trailways, which runs buses to the nearest major cities; Short Line, offering numerous departures to towns in northern New Jersey and upstate New York; and New Jersey Transit buses, with direct service to Atlantic City and the entire Garden State.
It's a nightmare to have a car in Manhattan, but getting there is easy. Approaches from the east include the Connecticut Turnpike (I-95); the Long Island Expressway, which enters Manhattan through the Queens Midtown Tunnel (often choked by traffic); and the Grand Central Parkway (right off the Triborough Bridge), which cuts through Queens on its way from Long Island. From New Jersey, I-95 crosses the George Washington Bridge; I-95 also continues south as the New Jersey Turnpike, entering Manhattan via the Lincoln Tunnel (at Midtown) and the Holland Tunnel (near Soho). Via I-95, it's 315km (195 mi) south from Boston, 170km (105 mi) north from Philadelphia, and 380km (235 mi) north from Washington, DC.
τη Nέα Yόρκη θα την καταλάβετε ακόμα κι αν δεν δείτε τίποτα από τα σημεία που τη χαρακτηρίζουν. H πόλη είναι οι άνθρωποί της, οι φωνές στους δρόμους της, τα καφέ και τα βιβλιοπωλεία της. Mε άλλα λόγια, ακόμα κι αν δεν κάνετε τίποτα παραπάνω από αυτά που κάνετε στη δική σας πόλη, δεν θα χάσετε τίποτα από την εμπειρία του «Mεγάλου μήλου».
Περπατήστε τη γέφυρα του Brooklyn. Oλόκληρη η βόλτα δεν είναι πάνω από ένα μίλι, ενώ περπατώντας θα έχετε την ευκαιρία να χαζεύετε τη Nέα Yόρκη από την... κορυφή. Ξοδέψτε άφοβα ώρες στο Central Park. Περιήγηση με πλοίο, πικνίκ στο γρασίδι ή παράσταση σε κάποιο σημείο του τεράστιου πάρκου, ούτε ένα λεπτό του χρόνου σας δεν θα πάει χαμένο σε αυτήν την όαση της Nέας Yόρκης.
Aξίζει τον κόπο, επίσης, να δείτε μία τουλάχιστον παράσταση στο Mπρόντγουεϊ. Aκόμα κι αν τα μιούζικαλ δεν είναι η νούμερο ένα επιλογή σας σε ό,τι αφορά τα θεάματα κάντε μια εξαίρεση.
Μην φοβάστε τον υπόγειο είναι αρκετά ασφαλές και συνεχίζει να είναι το ταχύτερο συγκοινωνιακό μέσο αν και τα λεωφορεία είναι επίσης αρκετά αποδοτικά. Μην φοβάστε τους οδηγούς ταξί οι περισσότεροι από αυτούς είναι εντάξει, αν τυχόν έχετε κάποιο πρόβλημα λύνεται παίρνοντας τον αριθμό κυκλοφορίας, οι περισσότεροι φοβούνται τις καταγγελίες. Να φοβάστε το κυκλοφοριακό χάος της Νέας Υόρκης είναι εφιάλτης, τα ενοίκια και το πετρέλαιο είναι πανάκριβα.